Psychosocial Implications of Living with Catecholaminergic Polymorphic Ventricular Tachycardia in Adulthood

Psychosocial Implications of Living with Catecholaminergic Polymorphic Ventricular Tachycardia in Adulthood.

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Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Official URL:
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Genetic Counseling
Volume: 27
Number: 3
Page Range: pp. 549-557
Date: 2018
Divisions: Cardio Genomics
Molecular Cardiology
Depositing User: General Admin
Identification Number: 10.1007/s10897-017-0152-1
ISSN: 1059-7700
Date Deposited: 03 Jan 2021 23:22

Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) is a rare inherited arrhythmogenic disease with a high risk of sudden cardiac death. The impact on health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) and psychosocial outcomes is not known. We sought to provide the first description of HR-QoL and psychosocial wellbeing of adults with CPVT, parents of affected children and at-risk relatives. Participants were recruited through the Australian Genetic Heart Disease Registry and invited to complete a cross-sectional survey comprising a number of validated scales and open-ended questions. Thirty-five participants completed surveys (response rate 65%), including 19 with CPVT, 10 unaffected parents of a child with CPVT, and 7 at-risk relatives (one participant considered patient and parent). Young patients <40 years were significantly more likely to report anxiety (p = 0.04), depression (p = 0.03) and posttraumatic stress symptoms (p = 0.02) compared to older CPVT patients. Further, young patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) reported significantly worse device-related distress (p = 0.04) and shock anxiety (p = 0.003). Patients with a genetic diagnosis had worse psychological adaptation than those patients without a gene result. Parents perceived their affected children to have poor quality of life across all subdomains compared to healthy age-matched children, however quality of life of parents and at-risk relatives was comparable to population norms. Ongoing psychosocial care is required for young people with CPVT. Those with an ICD and/or undergoing genetic testing may require additional support. The challenges of CPVT management should extend beyond the clinical and genetic aspects of care to incorporate greater psychosocial support, and further reinforces the need for a multidisciplinary approach to care.

Keywords: CPVT; Genetics; Health-related quality of life; Psychosocial wellbeing.

Richardson, Ebony
Spinks, Catherine
Davis, Andrew
Turner, Christian
Atherton, John
McGaughran, Julie
Semsarian, Christopher
Ingles, Jodie
Last Modified: 03 Jan 2021 23:22

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