Key Value of RNA Analysis of MYBPC3 Splice-Site Variants in Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

Key Value of RNA Analysis of MYBPC3 Splice-Site Variants in Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy.

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Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Official URL:
Journal or Publication Title: Circulation: Genomic and Precision Medicine
Volume: 12
Number: 1
Date: 2019
Divisions: Bioinformatics and Molecular Genetics
Cardio Genomics
Molecular Cardiology
Depositing User: General Admin
Identification Number: 10.1161/CIRCGEN.118.002368
ISSN: 2574-8300
Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2020 05:50

Background: MYBPC3 splicing errors are a common cause of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Variants affecting essential splice-site dinucleotides inhibit splicing, whereas the impact of variants at conserved flanking nucleotides is less clear. We evaluated the contribution of MYBPC3 splice-site variants in a large cohort of patients with HCM and assessed the impact on splicing with RNA analysis.

Methods: Patients attending a specialized multidisciplinary clinic, with a clinical diagnosis of HCM and genetic testing of at least 46 cardiomyopathy-associated genes, were included. Patients with variants in MYBPC3 splice sites with in silico-predicted effects on splicing were selected. RNA was extracted from fresh venous blood or paraffin-embedded myocardial tissue of the patients, amplified, and sequenced. Variants were classified for pathogenicity using the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics guidelines.

Results: We found 29 rare MYBPC3 splice-site variants in 56 of 557 (10%) unrelated HCM probands. Three variants were not predicted to alter RNA splicing, and 13 essential splice dinucleotide, nonsense, and short insertion or deletion variants were not further assessed. RNA analysis was performed on 9 variants (c.654+5G>C, c.772G>A, c.821+3G>T, c.927-9G>A, c.1090G>A, c.1624G>A, c.1624+4A>T, c.3190+5G>A, and c.3491-3C>G), and RNA splicing errors were confirmed for 7. Four variants in 4 families resulted in clinically meaningful reclassifications.

Conclusions: After RNA analysis, 4 of 56 (7%) families with MYBPC3 splice-site variants were reclassified from uncertain clinical significance to likely pathogenic. RNA analysis of splice-site variants can assist in understanding pathogenicity and increase the diagnostic yield of genetic testing in HCM.

Keywords: RNA splicing; cardiomyopathy, hypertrophic; genetic testing; genomics; humans.

Singer, Emma S.
Ingles, Jodie
Semsarian, Christopher
Bagnall, Richard D.
Last Modified: 21 Dec 2020 05:50

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