The Joint Effects of Diet and Dietary Supplements in Relation to Obesity and Cardiovascular Disease over a 10-Year Follow-Up: A Longitudinal Study of 69,990 Participants in Australia

The Joint Effects of Diet and Dietary Supplements in Relation to Obesity and Cardiovascular Disease over a 10-Year Follow-Up: A Longitudinal Study of 69,990 Participants in Australia.

Full text not available from this repository.
Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13030944
Journal or Publication Title: Nutrients
Volume: 13
Number: 3
Page Range: p. 944
Date: 2021
Divisions: UTS Centre for Inflammation
Depositing User: General Admin
Identification Number: 10.3390/nu13030944
ISSN: 2072-6643
Date Deposited: 10 Jun 2021 05:54
Abstract:

It is unknown whether a healthy diet or unhealthy diet combined with specific supplements may jointly contribute to incidence of obesity and cardiovascular disease (CVD). We included 69,990 participants from the 45 and Up Study who completed both baseline (2006-2009) and follow-up (2012-2015) surveys. We found that compared to participants with a long-term healthy diet and no supplement consumption, those with a long-term healthy diet combined with multivitamins and minerals (MVM) or fish oil consumption were associated with a lower incidence of CVD (p < 0.001); whilst those with an unhealthy diet and no MVM or fish oil consumption were associated with a higher risk of obesity (p < 0.05). Compared to participants with a long-term healthy diet and no calcium consumption, the combination of a long-term healthy diet and calcium consumption was linked to a lower risk of CVD (IRR = 0.87, 95% CI: 0.78; 0.96). In conclusion, a long-term healthy diet combined with MVM or fish oil was associated with a lower incidence of CVD. Participants who maintained a healthy diet and used calcium supplements were associated with a lower incidence of obesity. However, these associations were not found among those with an unhealthy diet, despite taking similar supplements.

Creators:
Creators
Email
Xu, Xiaoyue
UNSPECIFIED
Shi, Zumin
UNSPECIFIED
Liu, Gang
UNSPECIFIED
Chang, Dennis
UNSPECIFIED
Inglis, Sally C.
UNSPECIFIED
Hall, John J.
UNSPECIFIED
Schutte, Aletta E.
UNSPECIFIED
Byles, Julie E.
UNSPECIFIED
Parker, Deborah
UNSPECIFIED
Last Modified: 10 Jun 2021 05:54
URI: https://eprints.centenary.org.au/id/eprint/1015

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item